Glossary

  • Active Server Pages
    • NationalNet Hosting supports Active Server Pages (ASP) server side scripting, enabling clients to create dynamic, interactive web applications.
  • ActiveX
    • Microsoft's ActiveX controls enable NationalNet Hosting developers to create embeddable applications and implement a wide range of functionality on web pages.
  • Aliased Nameservers
    • NationalNet.com supports aliased nameservers, enabling customers to transparently resell hosting services, and take advantage of the efficiency and performance benefits of server aliasing.
  • Apache
    • NationalNet.com supports Apache, one of the first server operating systems ever developed, and still the most popular HTTP server software on the market today.
  • Application Service Provider
    • In addition to full service web hosting, NationalNet serves as an Application Service Provider, hosting applications and software that clients access over the web.
  • Audio Streaming
    • NationalNet Hosting offers affordable Audio Streaming and other media hosting and streaming services
  • Availability
    • NationalNet Hosting has developed a sophisticated proprietary monitoring system to ensure optimal server performance and the absolute minimum in downtime.
  • Backbone
    • The NationalNet Hosting backbone infrastructure includes multiple direct connections to several network service providers, including multiple Tier-1 carriers, ensuring uninterrupted service and consistently high bandwidth for its hosting clients.
  • Bandwidth
    • NationalNet Hosting operates a high capacity network, providing clients with excellent bandwidth and consistently high data throughput speeds.
  • CGI-bin
    • NationalNet Hosting and its clients make extensive use of Common Gateway Interface (CGI) scripts; the CGI-bin is the server directory in which CGI scripts are stored.
  • Co-located Hosting
    • Co-located hosting is an arrangement under which the client provides physical server hardware and network administration while their hosting company provides rack space, power, security, connectivity and limited tech support.
  • ColdFusion
    • Using ColdFusion, NationalNet Hosting clients can simplify database queries by allowing for less complex programming languages to handle functions between the user's browser, the server and the database.
  • Control Panel
    • Control Panel refers to the graphical user interface (GUI) NationalNet Hosting clients use to manage account functions, like creating POP3 email accounts and viewing of web stats
  • Cookie
    • A cookie is a small snippet of data transmitted by a website and stored in a user's browser, for use in tracking user activity to customize and enhance the user's experience.
  • Data Transfer
    • Data transfer refers to the physical transmission of data over a communication channel; NationalNet Hosting clients benefit from extremely fast data transfer rates.
  • Dedicated Hosting
    • NationalNet Hosting clients who opt for dedicated hosting packages receive the benefits of having a server that is entirely their own, including the flexibility to select the operating system and hardware of their choice.
  • Disk Space
    • NationalNet Hosting clients can choose from a range of server disk space capacity options to meet their data storage needs.
  • Domain Name Transfer
    • A domain name transfer is the process of changing the designated registrar of a domain name. The old and new registrar must both work together for the transfer.
  • Domain Names
    • A domain name is the string of characters that users enter into their browsers' address bar to visit your website; for example, NationalNet.com
  • Firewall
    • Effective use of firewalls helps to secure and protect NationalNet Hosting clients' web servers from hacking attacks and unauthorized access.
  • Flash
    • A popular piece of animation and video playback software, many NationalNet Hosting clients use Flash due to its low bandwidth requirements and widespread consumer adoption.
  • FTP
    • NationalNet Hosting supports a variety of FTP (File Transfer Protocol) types, including anonymous FTP service, for its hosting clients.
  • Gateway
    • Various types of gateway software are supported by NationalNat Hosting, providing clients with many options for connecting disparate programs and systems.
  • Homepage
    • NationalNet Hosting supplies fast-loading home pages and support for dynamic home page content for hosting clients, whether they are managed, dedicating or enterprise hosting customers.
  • Host
    • NationalNet provides high quality host servers for its managed hosting clients.
  • Hosting
    • NationalNet offers a wide range of hosting packages and hosting services customized to serve its customer's needs.
  • HTML
    • HTML and its many variants are all supported by NationalNet, ensuring its hosting clients maximum flexibility in website coding.
  • HTTP
    • NationalNet hosting clients' websites make extensive use of the HTTP protocol to serve data and content to end-user customers.
  • ICANN
    • NationalNet closely monitors and reports ICANN policy developments on behalf of its hosting clients.
  • IIS
    • Microsoft's IIS is used by NationalNet hosting clients running Windows servers, including the current version, IIS 8.5
  • IMAP
    • IMAP or Internet Message Access Protocol is a protocol used by Hosting services for email retrieval
  • Intranet
    • In addition to websites, many NationalNet hosting clients operate a proprietary Intranet for their internal office network.
  • IP
    • NationalNet hosting massive blocks of 32-bt addresses for the IP v4 Internet Protocol and 18-bit addresses for its successor, IP v6.
  • IRC
    • Many NationalNet hosting clients make extensive use of IRC for live text messaging and group chat conferencing.
  • ISDN
    • The NationalNet hosting network uses dark fiber ring technology, providing performance orders of magnitude faster than ISDN
  • ISP
    • NationalNet hosting is an example of a hosting ISP, providing clients with a wide range of web-hosting services.
  • Kilobyte
    • NationalNet Hosting offers connections of up to 10 Gigabytes, the equivalent 10485760 kilobytes.
  • Load Balancing
    • NationalNet hosting makes extensive use of load balancing to ensure stable and consistent website performance for its clients.
  • Managed Hosting
    • NationalNet hosting offers managed hosting packages for clients in need of full-service hosting.
  • Microsoft Access
    • Microsoft Access offers advanced database creation and maintenance for NationalNet Hosting developers who maintain online databases.
  • MIME
    • NationalNet hosting clients use MIME to transfer non-text components, like video, audio, and images through email.
  • Mirror Sites
    • NationalNet supports the use of mirror sites by its clients as a means of file synchronization, data replication and site maintenance.
  • MS Index Server
    • NationalNet Hosting customers using older Microsoft server operating systems still make use of MS Index Servers to improve search performance.
  • Name Server
    • NationalNet hosting customers have the option of operating their own name servers, or having NationalNet manage name servers on their behalf.
  • Newsgroup
    • Some NationalNet hosting clients host or moderate Usenet newsgroups, providing a discussion forum for people from all over the world.
  • NOC
    • NationalNet Hosting's NOC includes an N+1 rated data center fitted with fire-suppression systems, back-up generators and environmental controls to ensure high-quality, uninterrupted service.
  • OC
    • Employing dark ring fiber technology, NationalNet hosting's network infrastructure provides extremely high speed OC (optical carrier) for its web hosting clients.
  • Packet Switching
    • NationalNet hosting uses a variety of protocols that rely on packet-switching technology for efficient and stable data delivery.
  • Parking
    • Through its domain name registration service, NationalNet hosting also offers clients domain parking services.
  • PERL
    • NationalNet hosting employs a number of applications developers who are proficient with PERL and other dynamic programming languages.
  • PHP
    • The NationalNet Hosting programming team is proficient in PHP and many other server-side scripting languages.
  • POP
    • NationalNet Hosting supports both POP and IMAP for remote email retrieval over TCP/IP connections.
  • Propagation
    • When hosting customers move their websites to NationalNet, the company takes every possible step to reduce DNS propagation delays.
  • RAID
    • NationalNet hosting uses the RAID method of providing data redundancy and improved performance.
  • Register (domain name)
    • When a domain is registered, that domain is assigned to its registrant and is no longer available for registration by any other party.
  • Registrar (domain name)
    • A registrar, or domain name registrar, is an organization that manages the reservation of domain names by end-user customers and organizations.
  • Registry (domain name)
    • A domain registry is the organization responsible for assigning domain names for the given TLD managed by that organization.
  • Reseller
    • NationalNet hosting offers large scale packages suitable for OSPs like application service providers and hosting resellers.
  • Server
    • NationalNet offers robust, scaleable servers for its dedicated, shared and managed hosting clients.
  • Service Level Agreement
    • NationalNet hosting provides a clear and detailed SLA (service level agreement) for its customers, including a service level warranty.
  • Shared Hosting
    • NationalNet offers new clients the option of low cost shared hosting and virtual hosting packages.
  • Shopping Cart
    • NationalNet offers secure e-commerce online shopping cart services for web hosting clients.
  • SMTP
    • NationalNet uses SMTP or Simple Mail Transfer Protocol which is generally used to send messages from a mail client to a mail server.
  • SQL
    • SQL or Structured Query Language is a protocol used to request and retrieve information that was previously stored in a database conforming to the standard.
  • SSL
    • SSL or Secure Sockets layer is a protocol developed by Netscape to keep sensitive data such as credit card numbers private when on e-commerce sites.
  • Streaming Video
    • Streaming videos are typically large binary data files downloaded and displayed in real time on the clients browser or stand-alone application.
  • Subdomain
    • Subdomains are web pages that are set up on the server to be locatable and referenced with a unique URL just like a top level domain is.
  • T1 Connection
    • Originally designed to increase the capacity of telephone systems, a T1 Connection can support data transfer speeds of up to 1.544 MBits per second.
  • Tape Backup
    • A Tape back-up is a device that is most often used on a very regular basis as routine maintenance to store the current state of a computer hard disk.
  • TCP
    • TCP stands for Transmission Control Protocol and is used to reliably exchange data over the internet between client computers and web servers.
  • Telnet
    • Telnet often refers to a command-line interface that allows a user to connect to their personal web server over the internet and make changes.
  • Terabyte
    • Terabyte is a unit of measure equaling 1000 to the fourth power, or 1 trillion bytes.
  • TLD
    • TLD is short for Top Level Doman and it refers to the major domain name extensions such as .com, .net, .org and others. New TLD's are introduced after being voted on and approved.
  • UNIX
    • UNIX is the name of a computer operating system that is text-based and capable of multi tasking various jobs. It is the most widely used operating system on web servers.
  • URL
    • URL or Uniform Resource Locator is sometimes also known as a Web Address and is the familiar way to access a website using an internet browser.
  • USENET
    • USENET is sometimes referred to as a worldwide distributed internet discussion system that somewhat resembles a bulletin board system (BBS).
  • UUENCODE
    • UUENCODE which is short for Unix to Unix Encoding is a method devised to transfer images over the internet through a process of converting them to ASCII characters.
  • VB Script
    • VB Script is short for Visual Basic Scripting Edition which is a programming language developed by Microsoft Corporation for use in internet browsers and other applications.
  • Video Streaming
    • Video Streaming is the process of downloading large binary data files for display in the clients internet browser or other stand-alone application.
  • Virtual Host
    • A Virtual Host is a shared hosting solution which utilizes the physical resources of one computer to offer several different customers hosting plans at a low price.
  • Virtual Private Server
    • A VPS or virtual private server offers the features of a dedicated server but is shared among several clients thereby reducing costs for each client.
  • Virtualization
    • Virtualization as it applies to servers can be thought of as the masking of actual server resources from the users on the server while providing automation and more control.
  • Virus
    • A computer virus is a type of computer code which when executed replicates by inserting copies of itself into other, benign computer programs.
  • VPN
    • A virtual private network, or VPN, is a private network that uses public telecommunication infrastructure but hides itself by using special protocols and security procedures.
  • WHOIS
    • WHOIS is a query and response protocol that is used to query databases that store domain names, their owners and other information.
  • Windows
    • Windows is an operating system designed by Microsoft Corporation which can be used on a stand alone computer or on a web server if it is installed there.
  • WWW
    • WWW stands for World Wide Web and refers commonly to the entire series of HTTP servers accessible by web browsers all around the world.
  • XML
    • XML or Extensible Markup Language allows developers to create their own markup tags for different characters to be interpreted by different applications.